Rabu, 29 April 2015

Passive Sentences

Nama              : Liza Sisdenty
NPM               : 14211128
Kelas               : 4EA18


Passive Sentences


Passive Voice (Kalimat Pasif) adalah kalimat yang subject-nya dikenai suatu pekerjaan atau menderita suatu. Dengan kata lain subject kalimat tersebut menjadi sasaran kegiatan yang dinyatakan oleh kata kerja. Dalam bahasa indonesia ciri-ciri kalimat pasif adalah kata kerjanya yang berawalan dengan “di-“ dan beberapa lagi memiliki awalan “ter-“ (tergantung pada konteks kalimat).
Cara membuat kalimat passive voice:
1. Kata kerja dalam kalimat aktifnya harus berupa transitive verb (membutuhkan object).
2. Object kalimat aktif menjadi subject kalimat pasif (dibalik).
3. Subject kalimat aktif menjadi by object dalam kalimat pasif.
4. Menggunakan pola dasar Auxiliary/tobe + Verb 3
– Kalimat pasif selalu menggunakan V-3
– Sebelum V-3 harus diberi to be
– Apabila berbentuk pertanyaan maka subject diletakkan setelah to be yang pertama.
Rumus Passive Voice
1. Passive Voice [Simple Present Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + to be + Verb3
2. Passive Voice [Present Continous Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + to be + being + Verb3
3. Passive Voice [Present Perfect Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + have/has + been + Verb3
4. Passive Voice [Simple Past Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + to be (was – were) + Verb 2
Example :
5. Passive Voice [Past Continous Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + to be (was – were) + Verb3

6. Passie Voice [Past Perfect Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + had + been + Verb3
7. Passie Voice [Simple Future Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + will + be + Verb3
8. Passive Voice [Future Continous Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + will be + being + Verb3
A letter will be being typed by us [passive]
9. Passive Voice [Future Perfect Tense]
-Pattern = Subject + will have + been + Verb3

Example :
1.      They buy a book everyday (active)
A book is bought buy them (passive)
2.      She is drinking a glass of milk (active)
A glass of milk is being drunk by her (passive)
3.      We have done our homework (active)
Our homework have been done by us (passive)
4.      I swept the floor yesterday (active)
The florr was swept by me (passive)
5.      We were typing a letter (active)
A letter was been typed by us (passive)
6.      He had done his homework (active)
His homework had been done by him (passive)
7.      They will buy a book tomorrow (active)
A book will be bought by them (passive)
8.      We will be typing a letter (active)
A letter will be being typed by us (passive)
9.      He will have done his homework (active)
His homework will have been done by him (passive)
10.  Harry ate six shrimp at dinner. (active)
At dinner, six shrimp were eaten by Harry. (passive)
11.  Beautiful giraffes roam the savannah. (active)
The savannah is roamed by beautiful giraffes. (passive)
12.  Sue changed the flat tire. (active)
The flat tire was changed by Sue. (passive)
13.  We are going to watch a movie tonight. (active)
A movie is going to be watched by us tonight. (passive)
14.  I ran the obstacle course in record time. (active)
The obstacle course was run by me in record time. (passive)
15.  The crew paved the entire stretch of highway. (active)
The entire stretch of highway was paved by the crew. (passive)
16.  Mom read the novel in one day. (active)
The novel was read by Mom in one day. (passive)
17.  The critic wrote a scathing review. (active)
A scathing review was written by the critic. (passive)
18.  I will clean the house every Saturday. (active)
The house will be cleaned by me every Saturday. (passive)
19.  The staff is required to watch a safety video every year. (active)
A safety video will be watched by the staff every year. (passive)
20.  She faxed her application for a new job. (active)
The application for a new job was faxed by her. (passive)
21.  Tom painted the entire house. (active)
The entire house was painted by Tom. (passive)
22.  The teacher always answers the students’ questions. (active)
The students’ questions are always answered by the teacher. (passive)
23.  The choir really enjoys that piece. (active)
That piece is really enjoyed by the choir. (passive)
24.  Who taught you to ski? (active)
By whom were you taught to ski? (passive)
25.  The forest fire destroyed the whole suburb. (active)
The whole suburb was destroyed by the forest fire. (passive)
26.  Some people raise sugar cane in Hawaii. (active)
Sugar cane is raised by some people in Hawaii. (passive)
27.  The kangaroo carried her baby in her pouch. (active)
The baby was carried by the kangaroo in her pouch. (passive)
28.  The saltwater eventually corroded the metal beams. (active)
The metal beams were eventually corroded by the saltwater. (passive)
29.  The team will celebrate their victory tomorrow. (active)
The victory will be celebrated by the team tomorrow. (passive)
30.  The homeowners remodeled the house to help it sell. (active)
The house was remodeled by the homeowners to help it sell. (passive)
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